Suggestions for further reading



Hilgard, E.R. and Bower, G.H. (1981) Theories of Learning, 5th edn, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall (the standard work on learning theory).

Mackintosh, N.J. (1974) The Psychology of Animal Learning, Academic Press, London (an important reference book at the research level).

Dickinson, A. (1980) Contemporary Animal Learning Theory, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press (a quite difficult but short book by a leading researcher).

Gray, J.A. (1979) Pavlov, London, Fontana (a good general survey of Pavlov and his work in a cheap paperback).

Walker, S.F. (1983) Animal Thought, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul (for more on cognition in animal learning).

Two short articles by Wolpe provide useful summaries of the ideas of a major pioneer of behaviour therapy:

Wolpe, J. (1978) ‘Cognition and causation in human behavior and therapy’, American Psychologist, 33, 437—46..

Wolpe, J. (1981) ‘Behavior therapy versus psychoanalysis’, American Psychologist, 36, 159—64.


Rachman, S. (I978) Fear and Courage, San Francisco, Freeman (easy-to-read introduction to current ideas in behaviour therapy).

Davey, G. (ed.) (1981) Applications of Conditioning Theory, London, Methuen (a convenient paperback source for recent accounts of the applications of Skinnerian ideas).

Mahoney, Mj. (1983) Cognition and Behaviour Modjfication, London, Harper & Row (a classic study of cognition, now in paperback).

Craighead, W.E., Kazdin, A.E. and Mahoney, Mj. (eds) (1981) Behavior Modification: Principles, Issues and Applications, 2nd edn, Boston, Houghton-Mifflin (a comprehensive American textbook).