Bibliography for Animal Thought

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With few exceptions, items in the bibliography have been referred to in the text, and the page numbers for these references are given at the end of the listings here.

 

 

 

Adamo, N.J. (1967), ‘Connections of efferent fibres from hyperstriatal areas in chicken, raven and African lovebird’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 131, pp. 337—56. 187

Adrian, E. D. (1941), ‘Afferent discharges to the cerebral cortex from peripheral sense organs’, Journal of Physiology, vol. 100, pp. 159—91. 177

Agranoff, B. W. (1972), ‘Further studies on memory formation in the goldfish’, in J. L. McGaugh (ed.), The Chemistry of Mood, Motivation and Memory, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 175—85. 128

Allison, T. (1972), ‘Comparative and evolutionary aspects of sleep’, in M. H. Chase (ed.), The Sleeping Brain, Los Angeles: Brain Research Institute Brain Information Service, pp. 1—57. 232—3

Allison, T. (1976), ‘Sleep in mammals: ecological and constitutional correlates’, Science, vol. 194, pp. 723—34. 230

Allison, T. and Van Twyver, H. (1970), ‘Sleep in the moles, Scaloftus acquaticus and Condylura cristala’, Experimental Neurology, vol. 27, pp. 564— 79. 229

Allison, T., Van Twyver, H. and Goff, W. R. (1972), ‘Electrophysiological studies of the echidna. Tachyglossus aculeatus. I. Waking and sleep’, Archives Italiennes de Biologie, vol. 110, pp. 145—84.

Anderson, J. R. (1978), ‘Arguments concerning representations for mental imagery’, Psychological Review, vol. 85, pp. 249—77. 377

Anderson, J. R. (1979), ‘Further arguments concerning representations for mental imagery: a response to Hayes-Roth and Pylyshyn’, Psychological Review, vol. 86, pp. 395—406. 377

Andrew, R. H. (1967), ‘Intracranial self-stimulation in the chick’, .Nature, vol. 213, pp. 847—8. 224

Andrew, R.J. (1976), ‘Attentional processes and animal behaviour’, in P.P. G. Bateson and R. A. Hinde (eds), Growing Points in Ethology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 95—l33. 189

Aquinas, St Thomas (1951), Philosophical Texts, Oxford University Press. 3—4

Armstrong, D. M. (1968), A Materialist Theory of the Mind, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 17—20, 106

Armstrong, D. M. (1973), Belief, Truth and Knowledge, Cambridge University Press.

Aronson, L. R. (1970), ‘Functional evolution of the forebrain in lower vertebrates’, in L. R. Aronson (ed.), Development and Evolution of Behaviour, San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, pp. 75—107. 186, 191, 200

Aronson, L. R. and Kaplan, H. (1968), ‘Function of the teleostean forebrain’, in D. Ingle (ed.), The Central Nervous System and Fish Behaviour, University of Chicago Press, pp. 107—25. 141

Ayer, A.J. (1980), Hume, Oxford University Press. 51

Baddeley, A. D. (1976), The Psychology of Memory, New York: Basic Books. 22, 190

Baillarger,J. (1845), ‘De l’étendue de la surface du cerveau et de ses rapports avec le dêveloppement de l’intelligence’, Gazette des Hôpitaux, Paris, vol. i8, pp. 179—194. 156

Barlow, H. B. (1972), ‘Single units and sensation: a neuron doctrine for perceptual psychology?’, Perception, vol. 1, pp. 371—94. 100

Barrington, E.J. W. (1964), Hormones and Evolution, London: English Universities Press.

Bastian, H. C. (1880), The Brain as an Organ of the Mind, London: Kegan Paul. 145—6, 178

Beach, F. A. (1942), ‘Analysis of the stimuli adequate to elicit mating behaviour in the sexually inexperienced male rat’, Journal of Comparative Psychology, vol. 33, pp. 227—47. 188

Beach, F. A. (1947), ‘Evolutionary changes in the physiological control of mating behaviour in mammals’, Psychological Review, vol. 54, pp. 297—315. 152, 188

Bennett, J. (1976), Linguistic Behaviour, Cambridge University Press. 111

Benninger, R.J., Bellisle, F. and Milner, P. M. (1977), ‘Schedule control of behavior reinforced by electrical stimulation of the brain’, Science, vol. 196, pp. 547—9. 129, 224

Benowitz, L. I. and Karten, H.J. (1976), ‘Organization of the tectofugal visual pathway in the pigeon: a retrograde transport study’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 167, pp. 503—20. 128

Bentley, P. J. (1976), Comparative Vertebrate Endocrinology, Cambridge University Press 152

Berger, R.J. (1969), ‘Oculomotor control: a possible function of REM sleep’, Psychological Review, vol. 76, pp. 144—64. 229

Berger, R.J. and Walker,J. M. (1972), ‘Sleep in the burrowing owl (Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea)’, Behavioural Biology, vol. 7, pp. 183—94. 232

Beritoff, J. S. (1965), .Neural Mechanisms of Higher Vertebrate Behaviour, trans. W. T. Liberson, London: J. and A. Churchill. 292, 298

Beritoff, J. S. (1971), Vertebrate Memory, trans. J. S. Barlow, New York: Plenum Press. 292—5, 298, 305, 330

Berkeley, G. (1965), Philosophical Writings, ed. D. M. Armstrong, London: Collier-Macmillan. 26

Berkley, M. (1979), ‘Vision: geniculocortical system’, in R. B. Masterton (ed.), Handbook of Behavioural Neurobiology, vol. 1, Sensory Integration, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 165—208. 272

Bernstein, J. S. (1961), ‘The utilization of visual cues in dimension-abstracted oddity by primates’, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, vol. 54, pp. 243—7. 261

Bertram, B. C. R. (1970), ‘The vocal behaviour of the Indian hill mynah, Gracula religiosa’, Animal Behaviour Monographs, vol. 3, pp. 79—192. 217

Bessemer, D. W. and Stollnitz, F. (1971), ‘Retention of discrimination and an analysis of learning set’, in A. M. Schries and F. Stollnitz (eds) Behaviour of Nonhuman Primates, vol. 4, New York: Academic Press, pp. 1—58. 315

Bindra, D. (1976), A Theory of intelligent Behaviour, London: John Wiley. 81, 99—102, 254

Birch, H. G. (1945), ‘The relation of previous experience to insightful problem-solving’, Journal of Comparative Psychology, vol. 38, pp. 367—83. 344

Bitterman, M. E. (1965), ‘Phyletic differences in learning’, American Psychologist, vol. 20, pp. 396—410. 334

Bitterman, M. E. (1969), ‘Thorndike and the problem of animal intelligence’, American Psychologist, vol. 24, pp. 444—53. 62

Bitterman, M. E, and Woodward, W. T. (1976), ‘Vertebrate learning: common processes’, in R. B. Masterton, M. E. Bieterman, G. B. G. Campbell and N. Holton (eds), Evolution of Brain and Behaviour in Vertebrates, Hillsdale: Laurence Erlbaum, pp. 169—89. 179, 334

Blakemore, C. (1975), ‘Central visual processing’, in M. S. Gazzaniga and C. Blakemore (eds), Handbook of Psychobiology, New York: Academic Press, pp. 24I-68. 272

Blodgett, H. C. (1929), ‘The effect of the introduction of reward upon the maze performance of rats’, University of California Publications in Psychology, vol. 4, pp. 113—34. 80

Bloomfield, S. and Marr, D. (1970), ‘How the cerebellum may be used’, Nature, vol. 227, pp. 1224—8. 318

Blough, D. S. (1959), ‘Delayed matching in the pigeon’, Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour, vol. 2, pp. 151—60. 302

Blough, D. S: (1979), ‘Effects of number and form of stimuli on visual search in the pigeon’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behaviour Process, vol. 5, pp. 21 l—33. 279

Blough, D. S. (1984), ‘Form recognition in pigeons’, in H. L. Roitblat, T. G. Bever and H. S. Terrace (eds), Animal Cognition, Hilisdale, Erlbaum, pp. 277—89 256, 279.

Boden, M. A. (1979), Piaget, London: Fontana. 95

Bok, S. T. (1959), Histonomy of the Cerebral Cortex, Princeton: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 139

Bolles, R. C. (1972), ‘Reinforcement, expectancy, and learning’, Psychological Review, vol. 79, pp. 394—409. 81, 223

Boring, E. G. (1950), A History of Experimental Psychology, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. 31-2, 49, 57, 187, 318

Bowman, R. S. and Sutherland, N. S. (1970), ‘Shape discrimination by goldfish: coding of irregularities’, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, vol. 72, pp. 90—7. 265—6

Boyd, E. S. and Gardner, L. C. (1962), ‘Positive and negative reinforcement from intracranial stimulation of a teleost’, Science, vol. 136, pp. 648—9. 224

Braitenberg, V. and Kemali, M. (1970), ‘Exceptions to bilateral symmetry In the epithalamus of lower vertebrates’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 138, pp. 137—46. 167

Breder, C. M. Jr. and Rosen, D. E. (1966), Modes of Reproduction in Fishes, Jersey City: T. F. H. Publications. 209—11

Broad, C. D. (1937), The Mind and its Place in Nature, London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Trubner. 17

Brodmann, K. (1909), Vergeichende lokalisalionslehre der Grosshirnrind.e, Leipzig: Barth. 155

Bronowski,J. and Bellugi, U, (1970), ‘Language, name and concept’, Science, vol. 168, pp. 669—73. 372, 375, 379

Brown, J. (ed.) (1976), Recall and Recognition, London: Wiley. 190, 306

Brown, J.J., Chan Palay, V. and Palay, S. L. (1977), ‘A study of afferent input to the inferior olivary complex in the rat by retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peridoxase’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 176, pp. 1—22. 128

Burghardt, G. M. (1977), ‘Learning processes in reptiles’, in C. Gans and D. W. Tinkle (eds), Biology of the Reptilia, vol. 7, New York: Academic Press, pp. 555-681. 158, 195, 294, 300

Butler, A. B. and Northcutt, R. G. (1978), ‘New thalamic visual nuclei in lizards’, Brain Research, vol. 149, pp. 469—76. 283

Bykov, K. M. (1957), The Cerebral Cortex and the internal Organs, trans. W. H. Grant, New York: Chemical Publishing. 67

Cain, D. P. and Wada, J. A. (1979), ‘An anatomical asymmetry in the baboon brain’, Brain Behaviour and Evolution, vol. 16, pp. 222—6’. 173

Cajal Ramón y, S. (1911). Histologic du système nerveux de l’homme de des vertebres, reprinted 1955, Madrid: C.S.I.C. 126

Campbell, A. W. (1905), Histological Studies on the Localization of Cerebral Function, Cambridge University Press. 155

Campbell, C. B. G. (1966), ‘Taxonomic status of tree shrews’. Science, vol. 153, p. 436. 218

Carlsson, A. (1978), ‘Does dopamine have a role in schizophrenia?’, Biological Psychiatry, vol. 13, pp. 3—21. 128

Carr, A. and Coleman, P.J. (1974), ‘Sea floor spreading and the odyssey of the green turtle’, Nature, vol. 249, pp. 128—30. 198

Castelluchi, V., Pinsker, H., Kupkerman, N. and Kandel, E. R. (1970), ‘Neuronal mechanisms of habituation and dishabituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia’, Science, vol. 167, pp. 1745—8.

Catania, A. C. and Reynolds, G. S. (1968), ‘A quantitative analysis of responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement’, Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behaviour, vol. In, pp. 327—83. 93

Cerella, J. (1977), ‘Absence of perspective processing in the pigeon’, Pattern Recognition, vol. 9, pp. 65—8. 259

Cerella, J. (1979), ‘Visual classes and natural categories in the pigeon’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, vol. 5, pp. 68—77. 257~8

Chadwick, A. (1977), ‘Comparison of milk-like secretions found in non-mammals’, Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, vol. 41, pp. 341-58. 153

Chomsky, N. (1976), Reflections on Language, London: Fontana. 380 Chomsky, N. (1979), ‘Human language and other semiotic systems’, Semiotica, vol. 25, pp. 31—44. 372, 375, 381

Chomsky, N. (1980), Rules and Representations, New York: Columbia University Press. 380

Chopin, S. F. and Buerger, A. H. (1975), ‘Graded acquisition of an instrumental avoidance response by the spinal rat’, Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 15, pp. 155—8. 335

Clark, B. V. (1973), ‘What’s in a word? On the child’s acquisition of semantics in his first language’, in T. E. Moore (ed.), Cognitive Development and the Acquisition of Language, New York: Academic Press, pp. 55—110. 379

Clark, H. H. and Clark, B. V. (1977), Psychology and Language, New York: Harcourt Brace. 375

Cohen, N.J. and Squire, L. R. (1980), ‘Preserved learning and retention of pattern analysing in amnesia: dissociation of knowing how and knowing that’, Science, vol. 210, pp. 207—10. 321

Collins, A. M. and Quillian, M. R. (1969), ‘Retrieval time from semantic memory’, Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behaviour, vol. 8, pp. 240—8. 380

Collins, A. M. and Loftus, B. F. (1975), ‘A spreading activation theory of semantic processing’, Psychological Review, vol. 82, pp. 407—28. 380

Collins, R. L. (1977), ‘Towards an admissible genetic model for the inheritance of the degree and direction of asymmetry’, in S. Harnad, R. W. Doty, L. Goldstein,J. Jaynes and G. Krauthaner (eds), Lateralisation in the Nervous System, London: Academic Press, pp. 137—50. 168

Cook, S. B. and Cook, C. B. (1975), ‘Directionality in the trail following response of the pulmonate limpet Siphonaria alternala’, Marine Behaviour and Physiology, vol. 3, pp. 147—55. 199

Corballis, M. C. and Beale, I. L. (1976), The Psychology of Left and Right, Hilsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum. 161, 164

Cowan, W. M., Gottleib, D. I., Hendrickson, A., Price, J. L. and Woolsey, T. A. (1972), ‘The autoradiographic demonstration of axonal connections in the central nervous system’, Brain Research, vol. 37, pp. 21—51. l27

Cowey, A. (1979), ‘Cortical maps and visual perception’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 31, pp. 1—17. 275—6

Craik, K.J. W. (1943), The Nature of Explanation, Cambridge University Press. 109, 113, 253, 260, 381

Croze, H.J. (1970), ‘Searching images in carrion crows’, Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, vol. 5, pp. I—85. 250

Cuenod, M. (1974), ‘Commissural pathways in interhemispheric transfer of visual information in the pigeon’, in F. O. Schmidt and F. G. Worden (eds), The Neurosciences: Third Study Program. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. 21—9. 163, 166

Cunningham, A. (1921), ‘A gorilla’s life in civilization’, Bulletin of tne Zoological Socielies, New York, vol. 24, pp. 118. 353

Cunningham, D. F. (1892), Contribution to the Surface Anatomy of the Cerebral Hemispheres, Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. 167, 173

D’Amato, M. R. (1973), ‘Delayed matching and short-term memory in monkeys’, in G. H. Bower (ad.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation:Advances in Research and Theory, vol. 7, New York: Academic Press, pp. 22 7—69. 302, 304

D’Amato, M. R. and Cox, J. K. (1976), ‘Delay of consequences and short-term memory in monkeys’, in D. L. Medin, W. A. Roberts and R. T. Davis (eds), Processes of Animal Memory, Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 49- 78. 304

D’Amato, M. R. and Worsham, R. W. (1974), ‘Retrieval cues and short. term memory in capuchin monkeys’, Journal of Comparative Physiological Psychology, vol. 86, pp. 274—82. 311—12

Dareste, M. C. (1862), ‘Sur les rapports de Ia masse encephalique avec Ic développement de l’intelligence’, Bulletin et mémoires de Ia Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris, vol. 3, p. 26. 156

Darwin, C. (1901), The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, London: John Murray. 39, 47, 53—4

Darwin, C. (1965), The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, University of Chicago Press. 44

Darwin. C. (1968), The Origin of Species, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. 39—46

Davenport, R. K., and Rogers, C. M. (1970), ‘Differential rearing of the chimpanzee’, in G. Bourne (ed.), The Chimpanzee, vol. 3, Easel: Karger, pp. 337—60. 334

Davis, R. E., Kassel, J. and Schwagmeyer, P. (1976), ‘Telencephalic lesions in the teleost, Macropodus Operoularis: reproduction, startle reaction and operant behaviour in the male’, Behavioural Biology, vol. 18, pp. 165—77.

Davis, R. T. and Fitts, S. S. (1976), ‘Memory and coding processes in discrimination learning’, in D. L. Medin, W. A. Roberts and R. T. Davis (ads), Processes of Animal Memory, Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 117~80. 306—9

Dawkins, R. (l976a), ‘Hierarchical organization: a candidate principle for ethology’, in P. P. G. Bateson and R. A. Hinde (eds), Growing Points in Ethology, Cambridge University Press, pp. 7—54. 99, 126

Dawkins, R. (1976b), The Selfish Gene, Oxford University Press. 210, 221

Dean, P. (1980), ‘Recapitulation of a theme by Lashley? Comment on Wood’s simulated lesion experiment’, Psychological Review, vol. 87, pp. 470—3.

Delius, J. D. and Habers, G. (1978), ‘Symmetry: can pigeons conceptualize it?’, Behavioural Biology, vol. 22, pp. 336—42. 264

Delius, J. D., Williams, A. S. and Wootton, R.J. (1976), ‘Motivation dependence of brain self-stimulation in the pigeon’, Behavioural Processes, vol. 1, pp. 15—27. 224

Dement, W. (1960), ‘Effect of dream deprivation’, Science, vol. 131, pp. 1705—7. 225

De Monasterio, F. M. and Gouras, P. (1975), ‘Functional properties of ganglion cells of the rhesus monkey retina’, Journal of Physiology, London, vol. 251, pp. 167—95. 268

Denenberg, V. H. (1981), ‘Hemispheric laterality in animals and the effects of early experience’, Behavioural and Brain Sciences, vol. 4, pp. 1—49. 168, 173

Descartes, R. (1952), Descartes’ Philosophical Writings, trans. N. Kemp-Smith, London: Macmillan. 5—17

Descartes, R. (1970), Philosophical Writings (Anscombe, E. and Geach, P. T., eds), Sunbury-on-Thames: Nelson University Paperbacks. 5—17

Descartes, R. (1978a), A Discourse on Method, Meditations on the First Philosophy, Principles of Philosophy, London: J. M. Dent & Sons. 5—17

Descartes, R. (1978b), Descartes: his Moral Philosophy and Psychology, trans. J.J. Blom, Hassocks, Sussex: Harvester Press. 5—17

Deutsch, J. A. and Clarkson, J. K. (1959), ‘Reasoning in the hooded rat’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 11, pp. 150—4. 78

Dewson, J. H. (1977), ‘Preliminary evidence of hemispheric asymmetry of auditory function in monkeys’, in S. Harnad, R. W. Doty, J. Jaynes, C. Goldstein, and K. Krauthamer (eds), Lateralization in the Nervous System, New York: Academic Press, pp.63—71. 173

Diamond, I. T. (1979), ‘The subdivisions of neocortex: a proposal to revise the traditional view of sensory, motor and association areas’, in J. M. Sprague and A. N. Epstein (eds), Progress in Psychobiology and Psychological Psychology, vol. 8, New York: Academic Press, pp. 2—44. 319

Diamond, I. T. and Hall, W. C. (1969), ‘Evolution of neocortex’, Science, vol. 164, pp. 251—62. 122, 153, 179, 184, 319

Dickinson, A. (1985), ‘Actions and habits: the development of behavioural autonomy’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 308, pp. 67—78. 111,317

Diderot, D. (1916), Diderot’s Early Philosophical Works, trans. M. Jourdain, Chicago and London: Open Court Series of Classics of Science and Philosophy. 31

Dimond, S. J. (1972), The Double Brain, Edinburgh: Churchill. 161

Distenhoff, J. F., Haggerty, R. and Corning, V. C. (197I), ‘An analysis of leg position learning in the cockroach yoked control’, Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 7, pp. 359—62. 335

Dorst, J. (1962), The Migrations of Birds, London: Heinemann. 198

Douglas, R. J. (1967), ‘The hippocampus and behaviour’, Psychological Bulletin, vol. 67, pp. 416—22. 322

Ebbesson, S. O. E. (1970), ‘On the organization of central visual pathways in vertebrates’, Brain, Behaviour and Evolution, vol. 3, pp. 178—94. 166, 176, 277

Ebbesson, S. O. E. (1980), ‘On the organization of the telencephalon in elasmobranchs’, in S. O. E.. Ebbesson (ed.), Comparative Neurology of the Telencephalon, New York: Plenum Press, pp. 1—6. 181,327

Ebbesson, S.O. E. and Heimer, L. (1970), ‘Projections of’ the olfactory tract fibres in Ihe nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum)’, Brain Research, vol. 17, pp. 47—55. 187, 327

Ebbesson, S. O. E. and Northcutt, R. G. (1976), ‘Neurology of anamniotic vertebrates’, in R. B. Masterton, M. E. Bitterman, C. B. O. Campbell and N. Hotton (eds), Evolution of Brain and Behaviour in Vertebrates, Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 115—46. 122, 159, 187, 202

Ebner, F. F. (1976), ‘The forebrain of reptiles and mammals’, in R. B. Masterton, M. E. Bitterman, C. B. G. Cambell and N. Hotton (eds). Evolution of Brain and Behaviour in Vertebrates, Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 147—67. 186—7, 202

Eccles, J. . C. (1965), The Brain and the Unity of Conscious Experience, Cambridge University Press. 11, 16, 17

Eccles,J. C. (1973), ‘The cerebellum as a computer: patterns in space and time’, Journal of Physiology, vol. 229, pp. 1—32. 318

Eccles, J. C., Ito, M. and Szeneágothai, J. (1967), The Cerebellum as a Neuronal Machine, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Eccles, J. C., Taborikova, H. and Tsukahara, N. (1970), ‘Responses of the Purkinje cells of a selachian cerebellum (Mustelis canis)’, Brain Research, vol. 17, pp. 57—86. 143

Eibl-Eibesfeldt, I. (1970), Ethology: the Biology of Behaviour, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 126, 213, 220

Eisenstein, G. M. and Colton, M.J. (1965), ‘Learning in an isolated prothoracic insect ganglion’, Animal Behaviour, vol. 13, pp. 104—8. 335

Elias, H. and Schwartz, D. (1969), ‘Surface areas of the cerebral cortex of mammals determined by stereological methods’, Science, vol. 166, pp. 111—13. 156

Elliot, H. C. (193), Textbook of Neuroanatomy, Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott. 153

Ewer, R. F. (1973), The Carnivores, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. 205

Fantino, B. and Logan, L. (1979), The Experimental Analysis of Behaviour: A Biological Perspective, San Francisco: W. H. Freeman. 335, 337

Farr, E.J. and Savage, G. E. (1978), ‘First- and second-order conditioning in the goldfish and their relation to the telencephalon’, Behavioural Biology, vol. 22, pp. 50—9. 186, 334

Faucette,J. R. (1969), ‘The olfactory bulb and medial hemisphere wall of the rat-fish, Chimaera’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 137, pp. 77-406. 319

Ferster, C. B. and Skinner, B. F. (1957), Schedules of Reinforcement, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofis. 89—94

Finger, F. E. (1980), ‘Nonolfactory sensory pathway to the telencephalon in a teleost fish’, Science, vol. 210, pp. 671—2.

Fink, R. P. and Heimer, L. (1967), ‘Two methods for selective silver impregnation of degenerating axons and their synaptic endings in the central nervous system’, Brain Research, vol. 4, pp. 369—71. 127

Fiskin, R. A., Garey, L.J. and Powell, T. P. S. (1973), ‘Patterns of degeneration after intrinsic lesions of the visual cortex (area 17) of the monkey’, Brain Research, vol. 53, pp. 208—13. 274

Flanigan, W. F (1973), ‘Sleep and wakefulness in iguanid lizards, Ctenosaura pectinata and Iguana iguana’, Brain, Behaviour and Evolution, vol. 8, pp. 401~36. 233—4

Flanigan, W. F., Knight, C. P., Hartse, K. M. and Rechtschaften, A. (1974), ‘Sleep and wakefulness in chelonian reptiles. I. The box turtle, Terrapene Carolina’, Archives Italiennes de Biologie, vol. 112, pp. 227—52. 232

Flood, N. C. and Overmeier, J. B. (1971), ‘Effects of telencephalic and olfactory lesions on appetitive learning in goldfish’, Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 6, pp. 35—40. 334

Flood, N. C., Overmeier, J B. and Savage, G. (1976), ‘Teleost telencephalon and learning: an interpretive review of data and hypotheses’, Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 16, pp. 783—98. 334

Flourens, P. (1960), ‘Investigations of the properties and functions of the various parts which comprise the cerebral mass’, in G. von Bonin (ed.), The Cerebral Cortex, Springfield: C. C. Thomas, pp. 3—2I. 185

Foster, R. E. and Hall, W C. (1978), ‘The organization of central auditory pathways in a reptile, Iguana iguana’, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 178, pp. 783—831. 183

Fouts, R, (1973), ‘Acquisition and testing of gestural signs in four young chimpanzees’, Science, vol. 180, pp. 978—80. 373

Fouts, R. S, Chown, B. and Goodin, L. (1976), ‘Transfer of signed responses in American Sign Language from vocal English to physical object stimuli by a chimpanzee (pan)’, Learning and Motivotion, vol. 7, pp.458—75.35

Fox, M. W. (ed.) (1975), The Wild Canids, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 218

Fox, R., Lehmkuhle, S. W. and Bush, R. L. (1977), ‘Stereopsis in the falcon’, Science, vol. 197, pp. 79—81.

French, G. M. (1965), ‘Association problems’, in A. M. Schrier, H. F. Harlow and F. Slollnitz (eds), Behaviour of Nonhuman Primates, vol. 1, New York: Academic Press pp. 167—209. 302

Frisby,J. P (1979), Seeing, Oxford University Press. 251, 272—4

Gaffan, D. (1974), ‘Recognition impaired and association intact in the memory of monkeys after transection of the fornix’, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, vol. 86, pp. 1100—9. 324

Gaffan, D. (1976), ‘Recognition memory in animals’, in J. Brown (ed.), Recognition and Recall, London: Wiley, pp. 229—42. 321, 324, 326

Gaffan, D. (1977a), ‘Monkey’s recognition of complex pictures and the effects of fornix transection’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 29, pp. 505—14. 307, 322

Gaffan, D. (1977b), ‘Recognition memory after short retention intervals in fornix transected monkeys’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 29, pp. 577—88. 310, 322—3

Gaffan, D. (1977c), ‘Response coding in recall of colours by monkeys’, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 29, pp. 597—605. 312—3

Gallup, G. G. (1974), ‘Animal hypnosis: factual status of a fictional concept’, Psychological Bulletin, vol. 81, pp. 836—53.

Garcia,J., Rusiniak, K. W. and Brett, L. P (1977), ‘Conditioning food-illness aversions in wild animals: Caveat Canonici’, in H. Davis and H.M. B. Hurwitz (eds), Operant-Pavlovian interactions, Hilisdale: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 273—311. 182, 293

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