Home page with Publications

Teaching materials

Links to photos

Curriculum vitae





Curriculum VitŠ

NAME:    Stephen Francis Walker

DATE OF BIRTH:     November 25th, 1941


1963 - B.Sc with Honours in Psychology (2i)

(Bristol University, 1960-63)

1969 - Ph.D in Psychology

(Birkbeck College, London University, 1963-66)


Member, British Psychological Society (1970- )

Member, American Psychological Association (1968-70)

Foreign Affiliate, American Psychological Association (1970-2003 )

Member, Brain Research Association (1976-2002 )

Associate, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Princeton (1982- )


Dean, Faculty of Science, Birkbeck College, University of London (1999 - 2007)

Head, Resource Centre for Physical and Life Sciences (1996-9)

Head, Resource Centre for Life Sciences (1987-96)

Acting Head of Department (Spring Term, 1981; Autumn Term 1986-7; Summer Term, 1986-7

Senior Lecturer, School of Psychology, Birkbeck College, London University (1988-2007 )

Lecturer in Psychology, Birkbeck College (1970-1988)

Departmental Tutor (1973-8 & 1986-7)

Honorary Librarian, British Psychological Society (1983-2007)

Library Officer, School of Psychology (1988-2007)

BSc Admissions Tutor, School of Psychology (1973-6, 1999-2007)

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. U.SA. (1969-70)

Research Associate, Department as above (1966-9)


Teaching experience - courses of lectures on Psychobiology II (Yr 2) Neuropsychology (final yr option); contributions to final year lecture courses, the MA in the Philosophy and Psychology of Language and the M.Sc in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Course co-ordinator and seminar group leader on first-year introductory course. First- and final year seminars; final year options, first-year statistics and laboratory courses.

Most recent teaching - 0.5 cu on Psychobiology II; lectures to first year Introductory course; lectures on final year Neuropsychology Option; 1st yr seminars (one semester).


'Species-differences in cognition: measurement and explanation' (Invited lecture, Annual Meeting of Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, Easter, 1984, University of Sussex)

'Animal Cognition; Method and Theory' (Colloquium, University of Hull, March 20th, 1986).

'The Evolution of Mental Models' (Colloquium, University College, November 4th, 1986).

'The Evolution of Mental Models' (Invited Lecture, Medical Research Council Cognitive Development Unit, London, December 11th, 1986).

'Processes of categorization in letter discriminations by pigeons' (Conference paper, Experimental Analysis of Behaviour Group, December 20th, 1986).

Invited discussant, Symposium on 'Primate Cognition', British Psychological Society Conference, December, 1988


Departmental Tutor (1973-8 & 1986-7)

Acting Head of Department (Spring Term, 1981; Autumn Term 1986-7; Summer Term, 1986-7)

Departmental Admissions Tutor (B.Sc Degree: 1973-6; 1999-2007)

Departmental Member, Faculty of Science B.Sc Degree Committee and Readmissions Committee (1973-87)

Departmental Representative, Academic Board (1973-5; 1978-81)

Tutor to Combined Subjects students taking Psychology (1973-87)

Deputy Chairman, Sub-board of Examiners in Psychology (1984-7)

Governor, Birkbeck College - Faculty of Science elected representative (1989-1992)

MEMBERSHIP OF COMMITTEES (College unless indicated otherwise):

BPS Joint Standing Committee with the University of London Library (1982-2007)

Committee on Technician Training (1985-7)

Sub-Committee for the Review of the Departments of Psychology and Occupational Psychology (1987)

Academic Board, (1973-8, 1987-2007)

Scientific Affairs Board/Research Board, British Psychological Society 1983-2007)

Psychology Advisory Board, Routledge (1985-1990)

Academic Board Executive Committee (1987-2007)

Buildings Committee (1987-2007)

Staffing Committee (1987-2007)

Academic Staff Promotion Review Panel, Grade A-B (1987-90)

Enterprise in Higher Education Management Committee (1989-90)

Enterprise in Higher Education Policy Steering Committee (1989-95)

University of London Library Users Committee (1989-95)

University of London Academic Advisory Board in Medicine (1989-90)

Chairman, Management Sub-Committee of the EHE Policy Steering Committee (1993-95)

Deputy Chairman, Board of Studies in Psychology (1993-94)

Member, EHE Continuation Strategy Working Group (1994-95)

Deputy Chairman, University of London Subject Panel in Psychology (1994-95)

Chairman, College Technical Review Panel (1994-96)

Chairman, University of London Subject Panel in Psychology (1995-96)

Chairman, University of London Subject Group in Psychology (1996-2007)

Member, University of London Committee for the Sir Cyril Burt and Carpenter Prizes 1999-2006

College Representative, University of London Subject Area Board A (Life Sciences) 1996-2007


University External BA/B.Sc Degree - First Examiner and Moderator for Psychology Paper 2. Fundamental Processes (1973-9)

Inter-Collegiate examiner, Psychology, University College, University of London, (1987-90)


Assistant Editor, British Journal of Psychology (1979-83).

Editor, Cognitive Neuroscience and Biological Psychology, Routledge International Library of Psychology, 1985-1990

Referee for articles in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A & B, British Journal of Psychology, Animal Behaviour, Brain and Behavioural Sciences, Trends in Cognitive Sciences.

Research proposals reviewed for the Medical Research Council, Science and Engineering Research Council, and Economic and Social Research Council (UK) and for the National Science Foundation (USA).

Work for the Open University - TV Programme D305/3 on Social Psychology, 1976-83, and International University Consortium cable network, USA, 1984-7.

Advisory and consultancy work - advice to publishers on academic manuscripts (Blackwells, Academic Press, Routledge, Methuens, Cassells, Lawrence Erlbaum, OUP).


1. Books

Walker, S.F. (1976) Learning and Reinforcement, London, Methuen, Essential Psychology Series, pp. 144

------ (1983) Animal Thought, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, International Library of Psychology Series, pp. 437

------ (1984) Learning Theory and Behaviour Modification, London, Methuen, New Essential Psychology Series, pp. 184

------ (1987) Animal Learning: An Introduction., London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 426

1.1. Other editions of the above

------ (1977) Aprendizagem e Reforco, Rio de Janeiro, Zahar Editores, pp. 168

------ (1978) Apprendimento e Rinforzamento, Bologna, Zanichelli, pp. 153

------ (1979) Aprendizaje y Refuerzo, Mexico City, Compania Editorial Continental, pp. 149

------ (1985) Animal Thought, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul, paperback edition, pp. 437

------ (1986) Introduccion a la Teoria del Aprenizaje y Modificacion Conductual., Mexico City, Compania Editorial Continental, pp. 175

2. Articles in Refereed Journals

Walker, S.F. and Furchtgott, E. (l970), 'Effects of prenatal X- irradiation on the acquisition, extinction and discrimination of a classically conditioned response.', Radiation Research, vol. 42, 120-8.

Foster, W.F., Walker, S.F., and Hurwitz, H.M.B. (1970), 'Effects of reinforcement on response alternation.', Psychonomic Science, vol. 19, 171-3.

Walker, S.F., Schnelle, J., and Hurwitz, H.M.B. (1970), 'Rates of concurrent responses and reinforcer duration. Psychonomic Science, vol.21. 173-5.

Walker, S.F., and Hurwitz, H.M.B. (1970), 'Effects of relative reinforcer duration on concurrent response rates.', Psychonomic Science, vol. 22, 45-7.

Schnelle, J.F., Walker, S.F.. and Hurwitz, H.M.B. (1971), 'Concurrent performance in septally operated rats: one and two response extinction.', Physiology and Behaviour, vol. 6, 649-54.

Adams, R.M. and Walker, S.F. (1972), 'Stimulus control of counting- like behaviour in rats.', Psychonomic Science, vol. 29, 167-9.

Walker, S.F. (1980), 'Lateralization of functions in the vertebrate brain: a review.', British Journal of Psychology, vol. 71, 329-67.

------ (1981), 'Necessary asymmetries in bilaterally symmetrical brains.', Speculations in Science and Technology, vol.4, 575-8.

------ (1983), 'The pros and cons of having a word for it.', Behavioural and Brain Sciences, vol. 6, 156-7.

------ (1987), 'Or in the hand or in the heart? - alternative routes to lateralization', Behavioral and Brain Sciences vol. 10, 288.

------ (1987), 'The evolution and dissolution of language', Progress in the Psychology of Language, vol. 3, 5-48.

------ (1988), 'Language, handedness and the larynx.', Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11, 731-2

------ (1990), 'A brief history of connectionism and its psychological implications.', AI & Society, 4, 17-38.

------ (1990), 'Natural and unnatural justice in animal care.', Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 43.

------ (1990), 'Specious comparisons versus comparative epistomology', Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 394-5.

------ (1994) 'How general is a general theory of reinforcement', Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 17, 154-155.

------ (1994) 'The possible role of asymmetric laryngeal innervation in language lateralization: Points for and against.' Brain and Language, 46, 482-489.

------ (1995) 'Bartering used stone tools.' Behavioural and Brain Sciences, vol. 18 number 1, 203-204

------ (1996) Is human language just another neurobiological specialization? Behavioural and Brain Sciences, vol 19, number 4, 649-50.

----- (1998) Precursors to theories of mind in nonhuman brains. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Vol 21, No. 1, pp 131-132

------ (1998) Brain circuits ancient and modern. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Vol 21, No 4, p. 531

------ (2003) Misleading asymmetries of brain structure. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, Vol 26, No 2, pp. 240-241

3. Reviews

Blackman, D. Operant Conditioning: An Experimental Analysis of Behaviour (London, Methuen, 1974), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 66 (1975), 261-2.

Wheeler, H.(ed.): Beyond the Punitive Society (London, Wildwood House, 1973), Psychology Teaching, vol. 3 (1975), 218-9.

Mackintosh, N.J.: The Psychology of Animal Learning (London, Academic Press, 1974), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 67, (1976), 439-40. (With J. Brener).

Rachlin, H.: Behaviour and Learning (San Francisco, W.H. Freeman,1976); and Rachlin, H. Introduction to Modern Behaviourism, 2nd Edn. (San Franciso, W.H. Freeman, 1976), Psychology Teaching, vol. 5 (1977), 83-4.

Davis, H., and Hurwitz, H.M.B. (eds): Operant-Pavlovian Interactions (Hillsdale, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum, 1977), Psychology Teaching, vol. 6 (1978), 75-6.

Hulse, S.H., Fowler, H. and W.K. Honig (eds): Cognitive Processes in Animal Behaviour (Hillsdale, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum, 1978), Psychology Teaching, vol.7 (1979), 182-3.

Gray, J.H.: Pavlov (London, Fontana, 1979), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 71 (1980), 435-7.

Terrace, H.S.: Nim (London, Eyre Methuen, 1980), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 72 (1981), 403-4.

Rescorla, R.A.: Pavlovian Second-Order Conditioning (Hillsdale, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum, 1980), Psychology Teaching, vol. 8 (1981), 182.

Locurto, C.M., H.S. Terrace and J. Gibbon (eds): Autoshaping and Conditioning Theory (London, Academic Press, 1981), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 73 (1982), 549-50.

Passingham, R,: The Human Primate (Oxford, W.H. Freeman, 1982), British Journal of Psychology, vol. 75 (1984), 141-3.

Roitblat, H.L., T.G. Bever, and H.S. Terrace (eds): Animal Cognition (London, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1984), Psychology News, vol. 38 (1984), 16-17.

Hall, G.: Behaviour: An Introduction to Psychology as a Biological Science (London, Academic Press, 1983), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, 8 June 1984, 27.

Mackintosh, N.J.: Conditioning and Associative Learning (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1983), International Journal of Psychophysiology, vol. 2 (1984), 68-9.

Griffin, D.R.: Animal Thinking (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1984), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, 9 November, (1984), 22.

Lerner, R.M.: On the Nature of Human Plasticity (Cambridge University Press, 1984), Psychology News, vol. 41, (1985), 14.

Sarris, V. and Parducci, A. (eds): Perspectives in Psychological Experimentation: Toward the Year 2000 (London, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1984), Psychology News, vol. 42, (1985), 17.

Weiskrantz, L. (ed.) Animal Intelligence, (Oxford Psychology Series No. 7, Clarendon Press, 1985), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, 1 November, (1985), 24.

Glick, S.D. (ed.) Cerebral Lateralization in Non-human Species, (London, Academic Press, 1985), Brain, vol. 109 (1986), 987-8.

Roitblat, H.L. Introduction to Comparative Cognition (New York, W.H. Freeman, 1986), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, 27 March, (1987), 25.

Premack, D. Gavagai! or the Future History of the Animal Language Controversy, (Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1986), Mind & Language, 2, (1987), 326-32.

Zentall, T.R., & Galeff, B.G. Jr (eds) Social Learning: Psychological and Biological Perspectives. (Hillsdale, NJ., Lawrence Erlbaum, 1988), Animal Behaviour, 36 (1988), 403-4.

Pearce, J.M. An Introduction to Animal Cognition. (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1987), Animal Behaviour, 37, (1989), 521-2.

MacFarland, D. Problems of Animal Behaviour. (Harlow, Longman Scientific and Technicial, 1989), The Times Higher Educational Supplement No. 888, 10 November (1989), 25.

Davey, G. & Cullen, C. Human Operant Conditioning and Behaviour Modification. (Chichester, John Wiley, 1988), Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41B, (1989) 409-12.

Bianki, V.L. The Right and Left Hemispheres of the Animal Brain. (London, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1988), Biological Psychology, 30, (1990), 94-6.

Kesner, R.P. and Olton, D.S. (eds) Neurobiology of Comparative Cognition (Hove and London, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1990), Biological Psychology, 32, (1991), 225-29.

Lieberman, David, A. Learning: Behavior and Cognition, (Belmont, CA., Wadsworth, 1990), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, No 958, 15 March (1991), 26.

Gallistel, Charles R. The Organization of Learning (Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1990), Animal Behaviour, 43, (1992) 357.

Wallman, Joel. Aping Language (Cambridge University Press, 1992), The Times Higher Educational Supplement, No 1065, 2 April (1993), 26.

Dawkins, Marian.S. Through our Eyes Only: The Search for Animal Consciousness. (Oxford: W.H. Freeman, 1992) The Times Higher Educational Supplement, No 1094, 22 October (1993), 26-7.

Dawkins, Marian.S. Through our Eyes Only: The Search for Animal Consciousness. (Oxford: W.H. Freeman, 1992) Biologist, 41, (1994) 48.

Griffin, Donald R. Animal Minds. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992) Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47B, (1994) 349-351.

Shettleworrth, Sara J. Cognition, Evolution and Behaviour: (Oxford University Press, 1998) Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3, (1999) 489-50.

4. Other Publications

Furchtgott, E. and Walker, S.F. (1969), 'Conditioning studies with prenatally irradiated rats.', In Radiation Biology of the Fetal and Juvenile Mammal, eds. M.R. Sikov and D.D. Mahlum, Springfield, Virginia: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, pp. 301-12.

Walker, S.F. (1975), 'Current laboratory analyses of behaviour and behaviour modification.', In Behaviour Modification in the Severely Retarded, eds. C.C. Kiernan and F.P. Woodford,Amsterdam: Associated Scientific Publishers, pp. 119-43.

------ (1977), 'Negative reinforcement as an unrewarding concept.', Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, vol. 30, 324.

------ (1985), 'Comparative Psychology', In The Social Science Encyclopedia, eds A. Kuper and J. Kuper, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 140-1.

------ (1992) 'A brief history of connectionism and its psychological implications.' In Clark, A. and Lutz, R. (eds) Connectionism in Context. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. 123-144.

------ (1994) 'Animal Communication' in Asher, R.E. and Simpson, J.M.Y. (eds) The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, Vol. 4, Oxford, Pergamon, pp. 128-136.

------ (1998) 'Animal Communication' in Mey J.L. (ed) Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, Amsterdam, Elsevier pp 26-35.