Table 1 Major features of the three types of cultural learning.
|Cultural learning process
||Concept of person
|Imitative 9 months
||Perspective-taking (e.g. joint attention, social referencing.
||Intentional agents (0 order)
||Simple (other's perspective)
|Instructed (4 years)
||Intersubjectivity (e.g. false-belief task, intentional deception).
||Mental agent (1st order)
||Alternating/ coordinated (other's and own perspective)
|Collaborative (6 years)
||Recursive intersubjectivity (e.g. embedded mental-state language
||Reflective agent (2nd order)
||Integrated (dyadic intersubjectivity).