page 5 of WEEK 1 handout Innate (Nativism) Predetermined cognition and reflexes, biological constraints on learning (if any). Acquired (Empiricism) Individual learning, including cultural transmission, formal training, and reasoning.
Ideas: Complex cognitions, or relations between large units Plato, Chomsky et al e.g. Piatelli-Palmarini, 1989; Pinker, 1994, 1998, Fodor 1983 Darwin, Sociobiologists (e.g. Wilson, 1975) Aristotle Empiricist philosophers Some Behaviourists (e.g. Tolman) Anderson (1983, 1987, looking at HCI Human-Computer Interaction)
Reflexes or Connections: Relations between small units Darwin, Sherrington. Ethologists, (Tinbergen, Lorenz) Sociobiologists Most behaviourists: Watson, Pavlov, Thorndike, Skinner Traditional associationists (e.g. Wm James) Neo-Connectionists, e.g. Rumelhart and McClelland (1986)