Wolpe, J. (1952) Experimental neurosis as learned behaviour.
British Journal of Psychology, 43, 234-68.
Wolpe, J. (1958) Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition.
Stanford University Press.
Walker, S.F. (1984) Learning Theory and Behaviour Modification. Methuen: London. (pp. 99-109)
American Psychological Association (1980) Distinguished Scientific Award for the Application of Psychology: 1989,. Joseph Wolpe. American Psychologist, 35, 44-51.
Following experiments on cats (see below and Wolpe, 1952, above) Joseph Wolpe introduced “Systematic desensitization” as a treatment for specific phobias and other related anxiety disorders. This treatment has since been very widely used. It is described on page 826 of Gleitman et al. (1999).
A brief description at a small College in N. Carolina.
American Psychological Association page on panic disorder, which includes reference to systemic desensitization for interoceptive (internal) cues.
Wople, J. (1976) Theme and Variations. Oxford: Pergamon.
Chap 3: The case history of a neurotic cat.
Also from Wople (1958) schedule I was no food with shock
Schedule II was with feeding in the room before shock
Septima was in schedule I — no food.
Schedule II animals still jumped into the carrying cage in the home room, then became anxious as carried downstairs
|Aug 21 and 23, 1947
|2 shock sessions in cage with hooter
|No shock or hooter but no eating.
||4 rooms A,B, C, D
D upstairs with no lab tables and a peculiar smell
Not eating in room A eyes wide, same in B.
Room C refuses pellets or mince
but in D eyes no longer dilated, and ate.
|| eventually ate in D, but considerable anxiety to the carrier. Room C, less anxious than before.
||accidental extra shock.
||hissed at Wolpe but ate in room A:
||room B eating immediately rubbing herself on the carrier: first time eating in the exptl cage.
|June 25th, 1948
10 months after first shock
|Now indifferent to the hooter, and purring.