Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Gersons, B.P.R and Carlier, I.V.E (1992) “Post-traumatic stress disorder: the history of a recent concept.” British Journal of Psychiatry 161, 742-8

Characteristic symptoms include:

i. Re-living aspects of the trauma

ii. Avoidance of anything likely to remind the individual of the trauma

iii. Heightened irritability including hyper-arousal, sleep disturbance and quick temper.