[top of page 13 of handout]

The “3-Systems” Model of Human Anxiety

(Lang, 1968; Foa and Kosak, 1986; Kushner and Beitman, 1990)

There are 3 components of Anxiety

1.   Physiological/emotional (somatic symptoms)

2.   Behavioural (actions)

3.   Verbal-cognitive (subjective report)

Data based on the three components correlate only to a limited degree (the concept of synchrony and desynchrony between the components, with desynchrony being common in neurosis).

(see Walker, 1984; page 116ff)