||Learning about stimuli
||Learning about responses
||Typically applies to involuntary responses.
||Applies to voluntary responses.
||Applies to the Autonomic Nervous System and reflexive motor responses. (There is usually very little internal feedback from ANS responses.)
||Does not apply to the ANS. (There is plenty of internal and external feedback for skeletal motor responses.)
||Uninfluenced by motivational pay-offs. This is tested by omission schedules.
||Almost by definition sensitive to emotional pay-offs. A variety of relations between response effort or response cost and the response outcomes are possible.
||Intermittent or unreliable relations between the CS and UCS weakens conditioned effects, especially with attractive motivational stimuli.
||Intermittent and unreliable relations between the learned response and the motivational pay-off may
strengthen the learned behaviour.