Procedures and phenomena in Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning (page 15 of handout)

a) Acquisition

b) Extinction

c) Spontaneous Recovery

d) Discrimination

e) Conditioned Inhibition

Pavlov’s more cognitive view

“So infinitely complex, so continuously in flux, are the conditions of the world around, that the complex animal system which is itself in living flux, and that system only, has a chance to establish a dynamic equilibrium with the environment. Thus we see that the most general function of the hemispheres is that of reacting to signals presented by innumerable stimuli of interchangeable signification” (Pavlov 1927 chap 1)

More recent cognitive views

Mackintosh (1983, p22) says animals detect “a true causal relation between the events to be associated”

Gray (1979) says Classical Conditioning enables the animal to learn the relationship between stimulus events in its world (p64).

See also Rescorla (1988) “Pavlovian conditioning: It’s not what you think it is”