[page 13 of WEEK 2 handout]
Taxonomy of Primates (an Order of Mammals)
There are two sub-orders of the order of Primates. One sub-order includes humans, apes and monkeys, and the other is for Prosimians, and includes the lemurs of Madagascar, lorises (e.g. bushbabies) and tarsiers.

ANTHROPOIDEA (A suborder of Primates) This includes 3 superfamilies, the superfamily of humans and apes and two superfamilies of monkeys:

Humans and Apes (Hominoidea). Includes extinct human species (‘hominids’), modern Homo sapiens and the apes. “Great apes” are 2 species of chimpanzee, the orangutan and the gorilla, and “Lesser apes” are 7 species of gibbon.

Old-world monkeys: (Cercopithecoidea or Catarrhines) = dozens of species e.g. rhesus and other macaques, vervets and baboons.

New-world monkeys: (Ceboidea or Platyrrines) = dozens of species e.g. cebus, squirrel, spider and owl monkeys and marmosets.

PROSIMII (The other of the two suborders of Primates)
Prosimians: = the lemurs of Madagascar, lorises (e.g. bushbabies) and tarsiers.