Smith, J. M. (1984). Game theory and the evolution of behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7(1), 95-125.
Discusses evolutionary game theory that predicts that associated asymmetry (in size, prior residence, age, or sex status) will be used as a cue to settle the contest. These results have been obtained in pairwise contests between animals, and the method is used to analyze the evolution of phenotypes (including types of behavior) when the fitness of a particular phenotype depends on its frequency in the population. It is suggested that the theory can be applied when individuals are competing against the population as a whole, or some part of it, by predicting the evolution of variable behavior (mixed strategies). It is further suggested that game theory can be applied to the evolution of cooperative behavior. It is concluded that an analysis of the evolution of learning leads to testable predictions about learning behavior.(PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)(unassigned)