Evolution and Psychology test - P101 Dr Walker's lectures


1) A key feature of Darwinian evolutionary theory is that —

One answer only.
   there are inherited differences between individuals
   all individuals are shaped by their culture
   parents transmit what they have learned to their children
   new species emerge spontaneously

2) Theorists who emphazise innate or “built-in” factors as influences on psychological abilities or capacities are known as —

One answer only.
   naturalists
   experimentalists
   empiricists
   nativists

3) Theorists who emphasise individual learing and cultural influence are known as —

One answer only.
   naturalists
   experimentalists
   empiricists
   nativists

4) “Ethology” has been defined as the scientific study of the function and evolution of patterns of animal behaviour and is associated with —

One answer only.
   E.O. Wilson
   Tooby and Cosmides
   Tinbergen and Lorenz
   Harold Wilson

5) “Sociobiology” is a term coined in 1975 to describe a branch of biology which focusses on the evolutionary basis of animal social behaviors and is associated with —

One answer only.
   E.O. Wilson
   Tooby and Cosmides
   Tinbergen and Lorenz
   Harold Wilson

6) “Evolutionary Psychology” is a more recent term which has come into use in the 1990’s where the emphasis is on the special effects of human evolution on human psychology. It is associated with —

One answer only.
   E.O. Wilson
   Tooby and Cosmides
   Tinbergen and Lorenz
   Harold Wilson

7) Psychologists such as Fodor (1983) and Pinker (1994) have tended to emphasise innate mechanims governing —

One answer only.
   animal social behaviour
   animal cognition
   human social behaviour
   human cognition

8) In the textbook by Gleitman (1995) or Gleitman et al. (1999) it is possible to find references to the influence of evolutionary factors on —

One answer only.
   perception
   cogntition
   emotion
   social behaviour
   all of the above

9) Species which are now extinct but which are regarded as members of the human family tree are collectively referred to as —

One answer only.
   primates
   hominids
   sociobiologists
   anthropoids

10) There is fossil evidence that human ancestors have been walking upright for —

One answer only.
   about 100,000 years
   more than 1 million years
   more than 2 million years
   more than 4 million years

11) There is fossil evidence that human ancestors have been using stone tools for —

One answer only.
   about 100,000 years
   more than 1 million years
   more than 2 million years
   more than 4 million years

12) There is fossil evidence that human ancestors have been using fire for —

One answer only.
   about 100,000 years
   more than 1 million years
   more than 2 million years
   more than 4 million years

13) There is fossil evidence that human ancestors have been burying the dead for —

One answer only.
   about 100,000 years
   more than 1 million years
   more than 2 million years
   more than 4 million years

14) The idea that human natural inclinations are not necessarily desirable, and that cultural systems are necessary to supplant them is often attributed to —

One answer only.
   Pinker (1997)
   Darwin (1872)
   Dawkins (1976)
   Hobbes (1651)

15) The most notable example of a human ability which is now widely believed to demonstrate genetic pre-determination of human abilities is —

One answer only.
   language acquisition in infants
   majority influence
   skilled reading
   problem solving


This test has been created using the CASTLE Toolkit