Nature Versus Nurture in Different Areas of Human Psychology

Innate
(Nativists)

Predetermined, biologically predisposed, constraints on learning 
Acquired
(Empiricists)
Individually learned, culturally transmitted, social absorption or formal training
Cognitive Processes:
Perception
Language
Reasoning
Plato
Chomsky (1959, 1986)
Fodor (1983)
Evolutionary Psychology (Pinker and Bloom, 1990; Cosmides, 1989)
Aristotle
Empiricist philosophers
Behaviourists
Connectionists, e.g. Rumelhart and McClelland (1986)
Tomasello et al, (1993)
Social Processes:
Emotions
Motives
Social Structures
Freud, Jung
Structural anthropologists (e.g. Levi-Strauss)
Sociobiologists Ethologists
Evolutionary Psychology
Empiricist philosophers
Social anthropologists
Many psycho-analysts
Most social psychologists:
The “Standard Social Science Model”