Primate Cognition quiz - P101 December 16th 2004

Link to chimpanzee language training, with pictures of Vicky, Nim and Gua


1) Modern humans and modern chimpanzees have a great deal of DNA in common: the precise figure is usually quoted as —

One answer only.

   32.5%

   99.9%

   98.4%

   56.7%


2) Chimpanzees and gorillas are classified as —

One answer only.

   Great Apes

   Old World Monkeys

   New World Monkeys

   Prosimians


3) Rhesus monkeys do not become adult until they are —

One answer only.

   10 years old

   7.5 years old

   2.5 years old

   18 months old


4) Several attempt have been made to train chimpanzees to communicate using human languages. The results of these attempt can be summarised as —

One answer only.

   most chimpanzees can succeed at this but they need to be trained for several years

   only animals which are trained from a very early age can succeed

   chimpanzees cannot be trained to speak, but they can communicate linguistically by using sign language instead

   there is little or no credible evidence that any chimpanzee can communicate linguistically


5) Piagetian tests suggest that ape infants go through similar stages of cognitive development to those of human infants during the first —

One answer only.

   12 months of life

   3 months of life

   11 years of life

   7 years of life


6) Apart from in humans, there is evidence for self-recognition in mirrors —

One answer only.

   in all mammals

   in all primates

   mainly in apes, and possibly in dolphins

   only in elephants


7) Macphail’s “null hypothesis” suggests that —

One answer only.

   there is no difference between humans and chimpanzees in cognitive potential

   all primate species should be regarded as of equal intelligence

   all mammalian species should be regarded as of equal intelligence

   all vertebrate species should be regarded as of equal intelligence


8) The paper titled “Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind” was written by —

One answer only.

   Kohler (1925)

   Hayes and Hayes (1951)

   Gardner and Gardner (1969)

   Premack and Woodruff (1978)


9) The chimpanzee “Washoe” which learned to make signs using American Sign Language (ASL) was trained by —

One answer only.

   Kohler (1925)

   Hayes and Hayes (1951)

   Gardner and Gardner (1969)

   Premack and Woodruff (1978)


10) The chimpanzee “Vicki” which learned to make only 4 sounds approximating English spoken words was trained by —

One answer only.

   Kohler (1925)

   Hayes and Hayes (1951)

   Gardner and Gardner (1969)

   Premack and Woodruff (1978)



This test has been created using the CASTLE Toolkit